How to implement the 4 Principles of Assessment in your RTO
May 14, 2021
Clause 1.8 in the Standards states the four principles of assessment are:
Let’s break them down.
Firstly, your RTO needs to tell your learners about the assessment process, and provide the learner with the opportunity to challenge the result of the assessment and be reassessed if necessary.
If appropriate, your RTO should apply reasonable adjustments in the assessment process to take into account the individual learner’s needs. ‘Reasonable adjustments’ essentially means an RTO should enable learners with disability to participate in education and training on the same basis as learners without disability.
This practice of inclusivity must be reasonable, meaning it should be based on the individual’s needs and abilities while being balanced with the interests of all parties affected (including the training provider, trainers and other learners). Some examples of reasonable adjustments include rest breaks, additional time, a sign language interpreter, and more.
The Standards state assessment is flexible to the individual learner by:
reflecting the learner’s needs
assessing competencies held by the learner no matter how or where they have been acquired
drawing from a range of assessment methods and using those that are appropriate to the context, the unit of competency and associated assessment requirements, and the individual.
A valid assessment judgement is one that confirms a learner holds all of the knowledge and skills described in a training product.
assessment against the unit/s of competency and the associated assessment requirements covers the broad range of skills and knowledge that are essential to competent performance
assessment of knowledge and skills is integrated with their practical application
assessment to be based on evidence that demonstrates that a learner could demonstrate these skills and knowledge in other similar situations
judgement of competence is based on evidence of learner performance that is aligned to the unit/s of competency and associated assessment requirements.
Sometimes when auditors (now assessors) complete assessment validation, they find many issues that were missed. Here is why we miss things that are easily found by auditors/assessors.
The principle of reliability means a training provider’s assessors should consistently interpret assessment evidence, and that no matter who is assessing, assessment results are comparable.
Implementing the Principles of Assessment
To implement these principles in your assessment process, your RTO needs an assessment tool.
There are three main steps to developing an assessment tool:
What are the assessment requirements of the training package/accredited course?
What does feedback from industry identify?
What assessment methods are most appropriate for your learners? Think about who your learner cohort are, who will collect the evidence and where the assessment will be conducted. Using a range of assessment types and question types can help to produce valid decisions and recognises that learners can demonstrate competence in various ways.
In planning for assessment your RTO needs to consider how a learner will demonstrate the task, know what they need to do to complete the task and why, and demonstrate they have the ability to perform the tasks in different contexts and environments.
Design and development: How does each component of an assessment tool come together? Your RTO should consider:
Context and conditions of assessment
Task to be administered to the student
An outline of evidence to be gathered from the candidate
Evidence criteria used to judge the quality of performance
Administration, recording and reporting requirements
Quality Checks: How to review a tool prior to implementation
Reviewing the tool with industry and other trainers and assessors can help with clarity, accuracy, relevance, appropriateness and more.
Learn more about developing assessment tools here.
Overall, developing a well thought out assessment tool is key for implementing the principles of assessment in your RTO’s assessment practices. (We might be biased, but using a good learning management system to create and manage your online assessments is a sure-fire way to succeed at staying compliant and delivering engaging assessment to your learners).
Want to know more about assessment and compliance? Take a look at these articles: